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Gemini 1.5 Pro vs GPT-4 Turbo Benchmarks

Gemini 1.5 Pro vs GPT-4 Turbo Benchmarks

Table of Contents

The evolution of AI language models is revolutionizing how we interact with technology. Among the latest advancements are Google’s Gemini 1.5 Pro and OpenAI’s GPT-4 Turbo. This article delves into a detailed comparison, shedding light on their capabilities, architecture, and potential impact.

Gemini 1.5 Pro utilizes Mixture-of-Experts (MoE) architecture for increased efficiency, allowing it to handle complex tasks more adeptly. GPT-4 Turbo continues to refine its transformer architecture, focusing on scalability and adaptability. The architectural choices of both models significantly influence their performance and application scope.

Context Window and Long-Context Understanding

A standout feature of Gemini 1.5 Pro is its unprecedented 1 million token context window, significantly surpassing GPT-4 Turbo’s 128k token limit. This capability allows Gemini 1.5 Pro to process and analyze vast amounts of information, offering detailed insights and understanding over longer contexts.

In its analysis of vast text datasets, Gemini 1.5 Pro demonstrates exceptional precision, maintaining a 100% recall rate for up to 530,000 tokens. Its accuracy slightly diminishes to 99.7% when expanded to 1 million tokens and remains impressively high at 99.2% for datasets as large as 10 million tokens. This showcases Gemini 1.5 Pro’s robust capability in accurately identifying and recalling specific information across extensive text lengths.

Benchmark Performance: Gemini 1.5 Pro vs GPT-4 Turbo

To objectively compare Gemini 1.5 Turbo vs GPT-4 Turbo, let’s examine some key benchmark results:

General Reasoning and Comprehension

BenchmarkGemini 1.5 TurboGPT-4 TurboDescription
MMLU81.9%80.48%Multitask Language Understanding
Big-Bench Hard84.0%83.90%Multi-step reasoning tasks
DROP78.9%83%Reading comprehension
HellaSwag92.5%96%Commonsense reasoning for everyday tasks

Mathematical Reasoning

BenchmarkGemini 1.5 TurboGPT-4 TurboDescription
GSM8K91.7%92.95%Basic arithmetic and Grade School math problems
MATH58.5%54%Advanced math problems

Code Generation

BenchmarkGemini 1.5 TurboGPT-4 TurboDescription
HumanEval71.9%73.17%Python code generation
Natural2Code77.7%75%Python code generation, new dataset

Image Understanding

BenchmarkGemini 1.5 TurboGPT-4 TurboDescription
VQAv273.2%77.2%Natural image understanding
TextVQA73.5%78.0%OCR on natural images
DocVQA86.5%88.4%Document understanding
MMMU58.5%56.8%Multi-discipline reasoning problems

Video Understanding

BenchmarkGemini 1.5 TurboGPT-4 TurboDescription
VATEX63.0%56.0%English video captioning
Perception Test MCQA56.2%46.3%Video question answering

Audio Processing

BenchmarkGemini 1.5 TurboGPT-4 TurboDescription
CoVoST 240.1%29.1%Automatic speech translation
FLEURS6.6%17.6%Automatic speech recognition

Overall Benchmark Analysis

General Reasoning and Comprehension

Gemini 1.5 Pro slightly outperforms GPT-4 Turbo in general reasoning and comprehension tasks, indicating its robust understanding across diverse datasets.

Mathematical Reasoning

In mathematical reasoning, GPT-4 Turbo edges out Gemini 1.5 Pro in complex problem-solving, reflecting its nuanced understanding of advanced mathematical concepts.

Code Generation

GPT-4 Turbo leads in code generation benchmarks, showcasing its ability to understand and generate code more accurately, a crucial aspect for developers.

Image Understanding

GPT-4 Turbo demonstrates superior performance in image understanding tasks, indicating its advanced capabilities in interpreting and responding to visual information.

Video Understanding

Gemini 1.5 Pro surpasses GPT-4 Turbo in video understanding, showcasing its strength in analyzing and generating content from video data.

Audio Processing

Gemini 1.5 Pro shows remarkable progress in audio processing, significantly outperforming GPT-4 Turbo, highlighting its superior ability to understand and translate spoken language.

Is Gemini 1.5 Pro better than GPT-4 Turbo?

Determining whether Gemini 1.5 Pro is superior to GPT-4 Turbo depends on specific use cases and requirements. Gemini 1.5 Pro excels in processing extensive datasets and understanding complex, multimodal information, making it ideal for applications requiring deep, contextual insights across large volumes of data. Conversely, GPT-4 Turbo shines in code generation, image understanding, and tasks requiring high precision in language and visual comprehension. Both models offer exceptional capabilities, but their best application depends on the particular needs of the task at hand.

Capabilities and Performance

The capabilities of GPT-4 Turbo and Gemini 1.5 Pro are both impressive, yet they excel in different domains.

GPT-4 Turbo shines in pure text-based applications, offering nuanced and context-aware text generation, making it ideal for creative writing, coding assistance, and even complex problem-solving tasks. Its language models have been fine-tuned to provide more accurate and relevant responses, making it a go-to tool for professionals and creatives alike.

Gemini 1.5 Pro stands out in its ability to understand and generate content across multiple modalities. Its long-context retrieval capability is groundbreaking, allowing it to maintain coherence over longer pieces of content and across different types of data. This makes Gemini 1.5 Pro particularly useful in educational contexts, where it can provide explanations and tutorials that incorporate text, diagrams, and videos for a more comprehensive learning experience.

Applications and Use Cases

The applications for GPT-4 Turbo and Gemini 1.5 Pro are vast and varied, reflecting their respective strengths.

  • GPT-4 Turbo has been deployed in content creation, customer service bots, and as an assistant in coding and technical writing, where its text-generation capabilities can significantly speed up workflows and enhance output quality.
  • Gemini 1.5 Pro is finding its place in more complex and nuanced applications, such as cross-modal educational platforms, multilingual translation services that require understanding of cultural nuances, and in the analysis of large sets of data across different formats for research purposes.

Implications for the Future of AI

The advancements represented by GPT-4 Turbo and Gemini 1.5 Pro highlight the rapid pace of AI development and its increasingly sophisticated understanding of human language and communication. These models not only push the boundaries of what AI can achieve today but also open new avenues for research and application in the future.

The multimodal capabilities of Gemini 1.5 Pro, in particular, suggest a future where AI can seamlessly interact with information in any form, breaking down barriers between different types of content and making digital information more accessible to users worldwide. Meanwhile, the refined text-generation abilities of GPT-4 Turbo continue to enhance our ability to create and communicate, automating routine tasks and enabling new forms of creativity.

Conclusion

In comparing Gemini 1.5 Pro and GPT-4 Turbo, it’s clear that both models represent significant achievements in the field of AI. While GPT-4 Turbo continues to refine and enhance text-based AI capabilities, Gemini 1.5 Pro opens new frontiers with its multimodal and long-context understanding. Together, these models not only showcase the current state of AI technology but also hint at its future trajectory, promising more intuitive, efficient, and versatile AI tools in the years to come.

Anand Das

Anand Das

Amar Goel

Amar Goel

Amar is the Co-founder and CEO of Bito. With a background in software engineering and economics, Amar is a serial entrepreneur and has founded multiple companies including the publicly traded PubMatic and Komli Media.

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