Get Promise Result Javascript: Javascript Explained

Table of Contents

Promises are an important and powerful concept for modern web development. Javascript, being an asynchronous language, relies heavily on this feature to efficiently execute complex asynchronous tasks. In this article, we’ll explain the basics of Javascript promises, as well as tips and tricks to help you get the most out of them.

Understanding the Basics of Javascript Promises

A promise in Javascript is an object that represents the result of an asynchronous task. It holds two states: pending and resolved. While it’s pending, a promise is said to be “in flight”. When it is complete, it is said to have been resolved, and contains a value. Promises in Javascript can be thought of as a way of handling multiple asynchronous tasks that may all resolve independently from one another. Furthermore, they are used to create what is known as “promise chaining”, allowing developers to chain the results of multiple asynchronous tasks together, thus making code easier to read and manage.

Promises are also useful for error handling, as they can be used to catch errors that occur during the asynchronous task. This allows developers to handle errors in a more organized and efficient manner. Additionally, promises can be used to create a “race condition”, which is a situation where multiple asynchronous tasks are competing to be the first to finish. This can be useful for optimizing code performance.

Using Promises to Execute Asynchronous Tasks

Promises are commonly used to execute asynchronous tasks. This is because promises provide a standardized way of deferring or delaying the execution of code until a certain condition is met. This condition could be either the successful completion of an asynchronous task (resolving a promise) or the cancellation of an asynchronous task (rejecting a promise). Promises also allow developers to manage multiple asynchronous tasks with the ease of promise chaining, which allows users to visualize the entire asynchronous task from start to finish.

Promises are also beneficial because they allow developers to handle errors in a more organized manner. When an error occurs, the promise will reject and the developer can handle the error in the catch block. This makes it easier to debug and maintain code, as errors can be handled in a single place.

Working with Promise Chaining

Promise chaining is the process of linking together promises in order to more easily work with multiple asynchronous tasks. This is done by utilizing the .then() method, which takes a function as an argument and will execute it when the promise it is associated with is resolved. Once multiple promises have been chained together, any errors or rejections will be caught in the catch block that can optionally be added to the promise chain. This will allow developers to handle errors quickly and efficiently. By chaining promises, developers are able to easily view and de-bug the entire code base at once rather than traversing each part of the code individually.

Promise chaining is a powerful tool for developers, as it allows them to easily manage multiple asynchronous tasks. It also allows for better code organization, as all of the promises are linked together in a single chain. This makes it easier to read and understand the code, as well as to debug any issues that may arise. Additionally, promise chaining can help to reduce the amount of code that needs to be written, as the same code can be reused for multiple promises.

Understanding Why You Should Use Promises in Javascript

Promises offer an efficient way to work with asynchronous tasks in Javascript due to their promise chaining capability and ability to handle errors quickly and reliably. With promises, developers can easily create complex asynchronous tasks with ease, allowing for faster development times and robust applications. Furthermore, promises offer a standardized way of handling errors that allows for quick debugging and understanding of code, reducing overall time and energy spent on debugging applications.

Promises also provide a way to manage multiple asynchronous tasks in a single chain, allowing developers to easily manage multiple tasks at once. This can be especially useful when dealing with multiple API calls or other asynchronous tasks that need to be completed in order. Additionally, promises can be used to create a single asynchronous task that can be reused multiple times, allowing for more efficient code and faster development times.

Example: Fetching Data from an API Using Promises


We will create a simple function that fetches user data from a public API (for instance, and logs the names of the users. This function will demonstrate how to handle asynchronous operations using promises.

Code Snippet:

function fetchUserData() {
    return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
            .then(response => {
                if (response.ok) {
                    return response.json();
                } else {
                    throw new Error('Network response was not ok.');
            .then(userData => {
                resolve( =>;
            .catch(error => {
                reject('Error fetching data: ' + error.message);

    .then(userNames => {
        console.log('User Names:', userNames);
    .catch(error => {

Detailed Explanation:

  1. Creating a Promise:
    • We define a function fetchUserData that returns a new Promise. A promise is constructed with two parameters: resolve and reject, which are functions themselves.
    • resolve is called to successfully complete the promise, and reject is used to signal an error.
  2. Fetching Data:
    • Inside the promise, we use the fetch API to request user data from the given URL.
    • The fetch method itself returns a promise, which resolves with the response to that request.
  3. Handling Response:
    • We chain a .then() method to handle the response.
    • Inside .then(), we check if the response is OK. If it’s not, we throw an error.
    • If the response is OK, we convert it to JSON using response.json(), which also returns a promise.
  4. Processing Data:
    • We chain another .then() to process the JSON data.
    • Here, we map through the userData to extract just the names of the users and then resolve the promise with these names.
  5. Error Handling:
    • A .catch() method is chained to handle any errors that occur during the fetch or data processing. It calls reject with an error message.
  6. Using the Function:
    • When fetchUserData is called, it returns a promise.
    • We use .then() to log the user names when the promise resolves successfully.
    • If there’s an error, .catch() logs the error message to the console.

Tips for Debugging Javascript Promises

Debugging Javascript promises can be tricky due to their asynchronous nature. In order to properly debug promises, it’s important to first understand how promise chains work. When debugging a promise chain, it helps to first take a step back and identify what the goal of the promise chain is, which will make identifying where errors are occurring much easier. From there, it helps to break down the code step by step in order to identify what is causing the error. Lastly, it is helpful to utilize debugging tools such as console.logs to help pinpoint where the issue is located.

It is also important to remember that promises can be chained together, so it is important to check each promise in the chain to ensure that they are all working properly. Additionally, it is important to remember that promises can be rejected, so it is important to check for any errors that may be thrown. Finally, it is important to remember that promises can be nested, so it is important to check each nested promise to ensure that they are all working properly.

Choosing the Right Library for Your Promise Needs

When choosing a library to use when working with promises, it’s important to consider the library’s feature set as well as its ease of use. For example, some libraries contain additional methods that could make dealing with promises easier, such as methods for error handling or cancelling promises. Additionally, some libraries may have their own specific syntax or structures for working with promises. It’s important to familiarize yourself with each library before deciding which one to use for your need.

Examples of Using Promises in Different Scenarios

Promises are commonly used for tasks such as fetching data from an API or loading assets on webpages. Other uses for promises include executing functions after a certain amount of time has passed or creating a sequence of actions that must occur in order. Promises are also great for handling complex errors due to their ability to reject a promise if certain conditions are not met. Overall, promises offer developers a powerful way to handle complex asynchronous tasks.

What to Consider When Working with Promises in Javascript

When working with promises in Javascript, it’s important to remember that they are always asyncronous. This means that promises can and will resolve at any point in time when their associated asynchronous task has finished executing or has been cancelled. It also means that they cannot be directly returned from functions or loops. Furthermore, it’s important to remember that promise chains should always terminate in either a catch or a then, whichever is more appropriate given the context.

Conclusion: Making the Most of Javascript Promises

We’ve covered the basics of Javascript promises in this article. Promises provide an efficient way of executing complex asynchronous tasks in Javascript. By utilizing promise chaining and understanding how promises work and how to debug them effectively, developers can make the most out of this powerful concept.

Anand Das

Anand Das

Anand is Co-founder and CTO of Bito. He leads technical strategy and engineering, and is our biggest user! Formerly, Anand was CTO of Eyeota, a data company acquired by Dun & Bradstreet. He is co-founder of PubMatic, where he led the building of an ad exchange system that handles over 1 Trillion bids per day.

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