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Javascript Multiple Choice Questions: A Comprehensive Test of Your Javascript Knowledge

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Javascript is one of the core building blocks of web development. With its versatility and cross-platform nature, Javascript powers complex front-end applications and frameworks like React, Angular, and Vue. It is also used on the server-side through platforms like Node.js.

This article will provide you with an in-depth introduction to Javascript and test your knowledge through sample multiple choice questions. We will cover key concepts like syntax, data types, operators, functions, as well as recent advancements in the language. By the end, you will have a solid grasp of Javascript fundamentals.

A Brief History of Javascript

Javascript was created in 1995 by Brendan Eich at Netscape as LiveScript. It was renamed to Javascript likely for marketing reasons. The initial goal was adding dynamic interactivity to web pages.

Some key events in Javascript’s evolution:

  • 1997 – Standardized as ECMAScript by Ecma International across browsers.
  • 2005 – Ajax introduced asynchronous communication without page reloads.
  • 2009 – Node.js allowed Javascript to run on servers.
  • 2015 – ES6 added classes, promises, arrow functions.
  • 2020 – Recent versions add useful features like optional chaining.

Today, Javascript is supported by all major browsers and is essential to front-end and full-stack development.

Javascript Syntax Basics

Javascript syntax includes:

  • Semicolons to terminate statements.
  • Comments using // or /* */.
  • Dot notation like obj.key to access properties.
  • Declaring variables with let and const.
  • Functions defined with function or arrow syntax.

For example:

// Declare variable 
let name = "John";

// Function definition
const greet = () => {
  console.log("Hello " + name); 
}

greet(); // Call function

Key Javascript Data Types

The main Javascript data types include:

  • Strings – Text values defined in single or double quotes: "hello".
  • Numbers – Numeric data like 10 or 3.14.
  • Booleans – Logical values true or false.
  • Arrays – Ordered lists like [1, 2, 3].
  • Objects – Key-value pairs like { "name": "John" }.

Javascript is dynamically typed, so data types can change at runtime.

Variables and Constants

Variables store data during program execution. They are declared using let and const:

let age = 25; // Can be changed

const PI = 3.14; // Can't be changed

const is preferred for values that won’t change.

Operators

Operators perform actions on values and variables. Javascript has:

  • Assignment operators like = to assign values.
  • Arithmetic operators like +, -, *, / for math.
  • Comparison operators like ==, ===, >, < to compare values.
  • Logical operators like &&, ||, ! to combine conditions.

For example:

let a = 5;
let b = 10;

// Arithmetic
let c = a + b; 

// Comparison
let d = a > 1; // true

Conditional Logic

Conditionals allow executing code based on meeting criteria. The main ones are:

  • if statement – Runs code if condition is truthy.
  • else if – Chain additional conditions.
  • else – Default case.

For example:

let age = 17;

if (age >= 18) {
  console.log("You are an adult");
} else if (age >= 13) {  
  console.log("You are a teenager");
} else {
  console.log("You are a child");
}

This prints “You are a teenager”.

Loops

Loops repeat code until a condition is met. Javascript has:

  • for loop – Executes code a set number of times.
  • while loop – Runs code until condition is falsy.
  • for...of loop – Iterates over array elements.

For example:

// For loop from 0 to 5  
for (let i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
  console.log(i);
}

// While condition is true 
let j = 0; 
while (j < 5) {
  console.log(j);
  j++;
}

Functions

Functions are reusable blocks of code. They are defined using:

// Function declaration
function add(a, b) {
  return a + b;
}

// Arrow function 
const add = (a, b) => {
  return a + b;
} 

Functions allow abstraction and help avoid code repetition.

Objects

Objects represent real-world entities with properties and methods:

let person = {
  name: "Sarah",
  age: 22, 
  greet: function() {
    console.log(`Hello ${this.name}!`) 
  }
}

person.greet(); // Hello Sarah!

Objects organize data and functionality together.

Arrays

Arrays store ordered collections of data:

let fruits = ["Apple", "Orange", "Banana"];

fruits[0]; // Access first element - Apple

Arrays have useful built-in methods like .push(), .pop(), .shift() etc.

Classes

ES6 introduced class syntax for more object-oriented code:

class Person {
  constructor(name) {
    this.name = name;
  }

  greet() {
    console.log(`Hello ${this.name}!`)
  }
}

let person1 = new Person("John");
person1.greet(); // Hello John!

Classes provide a cleaner way to create objects and handle inheritance.

Asynchronous Programming

Asynchronous code runs in parallel using callbacks, promises and async/await. For example:

function fetchData(url) {
  return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    // Async operation     
  });
}

// Promise-based
fetchData('/api/users')
  .then(data => console.log(data))
  .catch(err => console.log(err));

// Async/await
async function fetch() {
  try {
    let data = await fetchData('/api/users');
    console.log(data);  
  } catch (err) {
    console.log(err);
  }
} 

Async techniques prevent blocking and improve overall efficiency.

Common Javascript Libraries and Frameworks

Some popular libraries and frameworks include:

  • React – Frontend framework for building UI components.
  • Vue – Progressive framework for building user interfaces.
  • Angular – Framework for building single-page applications.
  • jQuery – Library for DOM manipulation and events.
  • Lodash – Utility library with helper functions.
  • Moment – Library for date/time formatting and manipulation.

These provide additional functionality on top of vanilla Javascript.

Javascript Design Patterns

Key Javascript patterns include:

  • Module – Encapsulates code into modules with public/private methods and state.
  • Prototype – Creates objects based on a template prototype object.
  • Observer – Subscribes to events/changes and reacts.
  • Singleton – Restricts class instantiation to one object instance.

Patterns optimize code structure and improve maintainability.

Debugging Javascript

Debugging helps identify and fix bugs. Main techniques are:

  • console.log() to log values.
  • Chrome DevTools for breakpoints and stepping through code.
  • try...catch blocks to handle errors gracefully.
  • Linting with tools like ESLint.
  • Using debugger statements like debugger;.

Sample Multiple Choice Questions

Here are a few sample MCQs to test your Javascript knowledge:

1. Which keyword is used to declare a variable in Javascript?

a) var
b) let
c) constant
d) int

Answer: b

Explanation: let is the modern way to declare variables with block scope in Javascript.

2. Which operator can be used to check for equality in values?

a) =
b) ==
c) !=
d) ===

Answer: d

Explanation: The strict equality operator === checks equality in both value and type.

3. Which loop can be used to iterate over array elements?

a) for
b) while
c) do-while
d) for…of

Answer: d

Explanation: The for…of loop allows iterating over arrays and other iterables.

Conclusion

This covers the core concepts and features of the Javascript language. Javascript has evolved significantly since its early days with the addition of classes, promises, async/await, and a host of other features. Robust frameworks have also been built on top of it.

Anand Das

Anand Das

Anand is Co-founder and CTO of Bito. He leads technical strategy and engineering, and is our biggest user! Formerly, Anand was CTO of Eyeota, a data company acquired by Dun & Bradstreet. He is co-founder of PubMatic, where he led the building of an ad exchange system that handles over 1 Trillion bids per day.

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