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Type Javascript: Javascript Explained

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Javascript is a programming language that was first released in 1995, and it has since become one of the most widely used programming languages today. It’s used in a variety of projects, from creating dynamic websites to writing node applications. In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about Javascript in order to understand and use it effectively.

What is Javascript and What Does it Do?

Javascript is a scripting language developed with three main goals in mind: to make web pages more interactive, to provide functionality for web applications, and to give developers the ability to access and manipulate content in a browser. It can be used on the client side (in the browser) or on the server side (on Node applications).

Unlike HTML and CSS, Javascript is a full-fledged programming language. It enables developers to define and manipulate data, control flows, and create objects using variables, operators, and functions. It’s considered a lightweight language, meaning that it runs relatively quickly and efficiently.

Javascript is also used to create dynamic webpages, allowing developers to create interactive elements such as drop-down menus, pop-up windows, and more. It can also be used to create games, applications, and other interactive experiences. With the help of Javascript, developers can create powerful web applications that can be used on any device.

Javascript Syntax Basics

Understanding the basic syntax of Javascript is essential for every reliable and efficient Javascript developer. The language is made up of variables, operators, expressions, control flow (if/else), loops, functions, and objects. Let’s delve into each of them in more detail.

Variables & Expressions

Variables in Javascript are containers that store data. They are declared using either of the keywords “var” or “let”. To name variables, one should use camelCase syntax – lowercase letters with no spaces, each word or acronym should be capitalized. Operators such as “+” or “-” are used to manipulate data.

Expressions can be thought of as snippets of code that evaluate to a certain value. They are commonly used for performing arithmetic operations, though they can also be used for manipulating other types of data. The commutative and associative properties of mathematics are applied when evaluating expressions.

Control Flow Statements

Control flow statements are used to decide what code should run when certain conditions are met. Javascript has the following control flow statements: if else statement, switch statement, while loop and for loop. Each of these is used to execute simple checks and operations.

Data Structures

Data structure in JavaScript is used as a way of organizing data into more complex objects. Arrays and objects are the two main data structures that are used with Javascript. An array usually contains elements that are of the same type while an object can contain elements of different types. Javascript has built-in methods that enable you to traverse and manipulate data structures.

In addition to the built-in methods, there are also third-party libraries that can be used to further extend the functionality of data structures. These libraries provide additional methods and functions that can be used to manipulate data in more complex ways. By using these libraries, developers can create more powerful and efficient applications.

Functions in Javascript

Functions in Javascript are reusable pieces of code that are used to perform certain tasks. They take in parameters, execute code within the function body, and then return a value (undefined by default). Functions create modularity in code and make it easier to debug and maintain. Calling functions can be done using parentheses after the name of the function and can also be passed parameters.

Functions can also be used to create objects in Javascript. Objects are collections of related data and functions that can be used to store and manipulate data. Objects are created using the keyword ‘new’ and can be used to create custom objects with their own properties and methods. Objects are a powerful tool for organizing code and making it easier to read and maintain.

Objects in Javascript

Objects in Javascript can be thought of as collections of related data, or “key-value pairs”. Each key-value pair is known as a property and has data associated with it. Objects can contain primitive values as well as references to functions. One can create objects using JavaScript’s built-in object constructor or create individual objects using the keyword “new”. Objects can also be used to create classes.

Objects are a powerful tool for organizing and manipulating data in JavaScript. They can be used to store data, create functions, and even create classes. Objects can also be used to create complex data structures, such as linked lists and trees. By using objects, developers can create powerful and efficient applications.

DOM Manipulation with Javascript

DOM stands for Document Object Model, and it is a representation of the page in a tree-like structure. It provides access to all the elements on a page. DOM manipulation involves selecting elements from the page and then manipulating or changing their properties or styles using Javascript.

DOM manipulation is a powerful tool for creating dynamic webpages. It allows developers to create interactive elements on a page, such as drop-down menus, sliders, and other interactive elements. It also allows developers to update the content of a page without having to reload the entire page.

Browser API’s

Browser API’s provide developers with access to certain browser features such as storage and geolocation. These API’s abstract away the complexities of working with these browser features and allow developers to access them without worrying about cross-browser compatibility.

Browser API’s are an essential part of modern web development, as they allow developers to create powerful and interactive web applications. They also provide a way for developers to access features that are not available in the browser itself, such as access to hardware devices or external services. By using browser API’s, developers can create applications that are more powerful and engaging than ever before.

Integrating Third-Party Libraries with Javascript

Third-party libraries are collections of existing code written by other developers. They provide developers with quick access to advanced features or functions that may not have been included in the core language. Popular libraries include jQuery, Lodash, and React. Integrating these libraries into your project is relatively straightforward and will make development easier.

When integrating third-party libraries, it is important to consider the size of the library and the impact it will have on the performance of your application. Additionally, you should ensure that the library is compatible with the version of Javascript you are using. If you are using an older version of Javascript, you may need to use an older version of the library as well.

Debugging and Troubleshooting Javascript Code

Debugging and troubleshooting code can be tricky but there are certain tools available that make the process easier. A debugger can be used to pause execution of code so you can inspect values it’s using or step through your code so you can find out why something isn’t working as expected. A good understanding of how the code works can help isolate any issues.


Javascript is a powerful and versatile programming language. Knowing its syntax basics like variables, expressions, control flow statements, data structures and functions is essential for becoming proficient in it. Debugging techniques and integrating third-party libraries make it easier to build projects on Javascript. From web applications to node servers – Javascript reigns supreme.

Sarang Sharma

Sarang Sharma

Sarang Sharma is Software Engineer at Bito with a robust background in distributed systems, chatbots, large language models (LLMs), and SaaS technologies. With over six years of experience, Sarang has demonstrated expertise as a lead software engineer and backend engineer, primarily focusing on software infrastructure and design. Before joining Bito, he significantly contributed to Engati, where he played a pivotal role in enhancing and developing advanced software solutions. His career began with foundational experiences as an intern, including a notable project at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, to develop an assistive website for the visually challenged.

Written by developers for developers

This article was handcrafted with by the Bito team.

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