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среды программирования Javascript: Javascript Explained

Table of Contents

Javascript is a dynamic programming language that is used across the web and in different applications today. It is one of the most popular and widely used programming languages, and allows developers to create interactive and engaging web experiences. In this article, we’ll examine the fundamentals of Javascript, including its syntax, functionality, object-oriented programming, and more.

Введение в Javascript

Javascript is a high-level, interpreted programming language created by Netscape Communications in 1995. It is a lightweight interpreted language commonly used in web browsers to add interactivity and dynamic behavior to web pages. Javascript is considered a multi-paradigm language, allowing developers to write code in functional, imperative and object-oriented programming styles.

Javascript is a popular language for web development, as it is relatively easy to learn and use. It is also widely supported by web browsers, making it a great choice for creating dynamic web applications. Additionally, Javascript is a powerful language that can be used to create complex applications, such as games and interactive websites.

Основы синтаксиса Javascript

Javascript is a C-like language. It consists of statement blocks that are opened and closed with curly braces, denoted by the { and }, and all variables are declared using the keyword var. The main purpose of Javascript is to allow programmers to manipulate content on a web page. It is commonly used for creating dynamic user interfaces, as well as for client-side scripting for web applications. Javascript can also be used for controlling the browser, responding to user events, validating user input, connecting to servers, manipulating the DOM, and executing certain commands.

Javascript is a powerful language that can be used to create interactive web pages and applications. It is also used for server-side scripting, which allows developers to create dynamic web pages that can respond to user input. Additionally, Javascript can be used to create games, animations, and other interactive elements on a web page.

Функциональное программирование с Javascript

Javascript supports functional programming, allowing developers to create functions with data as parameters and return a result of evaluation. This type of programming relies heavily on recursion, which is the process of calling a function within itself. This is an important feature of Javascript that enables developers to create powerful and efficient applications.

Functional programming also allows developers to create code that is more modular and easier to maintain. By breaking down code into smaller, more manageable pieces, developers can easily make changes to the code without having to rewrite large sections of code. This makes it easier to debug and test code, as well as to add new features and functionality.

Объектно-ориентированное программирование с Javascript

Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming language that uses objects to organize data and commands. In Javascript, objects are collections of related properties and methods which enable developers to model real-world items. OOP in Javascript allows for more efficient code development through the use of classes, inheritance and polymorphism. Classes allow for the development of objects with similar properties and methods, inheritance allows for the copying of an object’s properties and methods from one class to another, and polymorphism enables developers to assign new behaviors to an existing method or property.

Object-oriented programming in Javascript is a powerful tool for developers, as it allows them to create complex applications with fewer lines of code. Additionally, OOP in Javascript makes it easier to maintain and debug code, as the code is organized into objects and classes. Finally, OOP in Javascript allows for the reuse of code, which can save time and money when developing applications.

Модульный JavaScript

Modular Javascript is a technique that allows developers to divide their code into several smaller, reusable chunks called modules. This technique makes code easier to manage, debug and test. By organizing their code into modules, developers can reduce complexity when programming, as well as make the codebase more maintainable by minimizing the number of global variables.

Modular Javascript also helps developers to create more efficient and reusable code. By breaking down code into smaller, more manageable pieces, developers can reuse code more easily and create more efficient applications. Additionally, modular Javascript can help developers to better organize their code, making it easier to read and understand.

ECMAScript 6 и 7

ECMAScript 6 or ES6 is the latest version of the Javascript standard. It includes a number of new features such as classes, modules, arrow functions and generators. The ES7 version was released in 2016 and includes new features such as async/await for asynchronous programming and new array methods such as Array.find().

ES6 and ES7 are both widely supported by modern browsers, and are used in many popular web applications. ES6 and ES7 are also supported by Node.js, allowing developers to use the latest features of Javascript in their server-side applications. With the release of ES7, Javascript has become a powerful and versatile language, capable of handling complex tasks with ease.

Node.js

Node.js is an open source server-side platform built on top of Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine. Node.js is most often used for creating web servers that can be scaled easily and handle large amounts of concurrent requests. Node.js is being used by many large companies such as Facebook and Netflix.

Node.js is a popular choice for web development due to its scalability, performance, and flexibility. It is also easy to learn and use, making it a great choice for developers of all skill levels. Node.js is also well-suited for developing real-time applications, such as chat applications, streaming services, and gaming applications.

AngularJS

AngularJS is a structural framework for developing web applications. It allows developers to extend HTML syntax with directives to build dynamic and interactive single page applications. It enables two way data binding between application components, meaning any changes in one component will be reflected in the other.

ReactJS

ReactJS is a JavaScript library used for building user interfaces (UIs). It’s a popular choice amongst web and mobile developers due to its efficiency and components based architecture which helps reduce development time. ReactJS is created and maintained by Facebook which makes frequent updates and releases with increased performance.

JQuery

jQuery is a fast, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library that makes HTML document traversal and manipulation easy. Developers can use jQuery to select elements within web pages, animate page elements and create AJAX applications. In addition, jQuery is also used on the front-end as an easy and quick way to add JavaScript effects.

AJAX

AJAX stands for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML. It is a technique used for making webpages faster by using JavaScript to send and receive data from a server without having to reload the whole page. This type of programming allows developers to create highly engaging user experiences without the need for page reloads.

Безопасность JavaScript

Like any other programming language, security is an integral part of Javascript development. For example, cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of attack that injects malicious scripts into a web page in order to acquire sensitive information such as user credentials. To protect against this type of attack, developers must properly validate user input and implement security best practices. Additionally, they must be aware of common Javascript vulnerabilities such as weak type checking and hidden bugs.

Примеры успешных JavaScript-проектов

Javascript has been used to power some very successful web applications over the years. Examples include Google Maps, Gmail, YouTube, Slack, Spotify, Uber, Airbnb and Trello. It’s clear that Javascript is a powerful programming language with many uses, from small projects to large enterprise applications.

Nisha Kumari

Nisha Kumari

Nisha Kumari, a Founding Engineer at Bito, brings a comprehensive background in software engineering, specializing in Java/J2EE, PHP, HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and web development. Her career highlights include significant roles at Accenture, where she led end-to-end project deliveries and application maintenance, and at PubMatic, where she honed her skills in online advertising and optimization. Nisha's expertise spans across SAP HANA development, project management, and technical specification, making her a versatile and skilled contributor to the tech industry.

Written by developers for developers

This article was handcrafted with by the Bito team.

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