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Awesome Javascript: Javascript Explained

Table of Contents

JavaScript has taken over the programming world and has become one of the most popular programming languages. It is used in web development, network programming, game development, mobile development and much more. In this article, we’ll take an in-depth look at JavaScript and explore its features, uses, popular libraries and frameworks, core concepts, syntax and data types, variables, objects and arrays, control flow and logic, functions and classes, debugging and testing, security best practices and advanced topics.

Overview of Javascript

JavaScript is an interpreted, lightweight and cross-platform programming language. Developed in 1995 by Brendan Eich at Netscape, JavaScript is the leading scripting language for the web. It is an essential part of the web development process, and is used to create web applications, dynamic programs and websites, mobile applications and more. JavaScript is easy to learn and understand, making it a great choice for beginners and experienced developers alike.

JavaScript is a powerful language that can be used to create interactive web pages, games, and applications. It is also used to create server-side applications, such as web services and APIs. JavaScript is a versatile language that can be used to create a wide variety of applications, from simple web pages to complex web applications. With its wide range of features and capabilities, JavaScript is a great choice for any developer.

History of Javascript

JavaScript originally started out as LiveScript in 1995, created by Brendan Eich at Netscape as a form of Object Oriented Programming Language. It was then later adopted by Microsoft as JScript in 1996, and eventually became JavaScript in 1997. Since then, it has been adopted by all major web browsers as the de facto scripting language for the modern web.

JavaScript has become an essential part of web development, and is used to create interactive webpages, dynamic user interfaces, and to provide a wide range of functionality to websites. It is also used to create mobile applications, and is a popular choice for game development. JavaScript is a powerful and versatile language, and is constantly evolving to meet the needs of developers.

Major Uses of Javascript

JavaScript is the “language of the web” and is used for a variety of tasks across the web. It’s used for client-side scripting tasks like creating interactive web pages, dynamic effects and animation, handling events, manipulating images and responding to user input. It’s also used for server-side scripting tasks such as serving content from a database or creating personalized content for a website.

JavaScript is also used for game development, mobile app development, and desktop application development. It can be used to create powerful web applications that can be used to store and manipulate data, create user interfaces, and more. JavaScript is also used to create interactive websites, such as those with interactive maps, forms, and other features.

Popular Libraries & Frameworks

There are many different libraries and frameworks available to help developers with specific tasks while developing applications. The most popular libraries are React, Angular, jQuery and Node.js. React is a JavaScript library created by Facebook for building user interfaces. Angular is a framework created by Google for building single-page applications. jQuery is a popular JavaScript library used for DOM manipulation and AJAX calls. Node.js is a JavaScript runtime for server-side scripting that enables developers to use JavaScript to write server-side code.

In addition to the popular libraries and frameworks mentioned above, there are many other libraries and frameworks available to developers. For example, Vue.js is a progressive JavaScript framework for building user interfaces. Bootstrap is a popular HTML, CSS, and JavaScript framework for developing responsive, mobile-first websites. Express.js is a web application framework for Node.js that is used for building web applications and APIs.

Core Concepts in Javascript

Before diving into coding in JavaScript, it’s important to understand some of the core concepts related to it. Variables are used to store values in memory locations. Objects are collections of related data stored in key-value pairs. Arrays are lists of homogeneous data types stored under one name. Operators are special symbols used to manipulate values. Control flow statements are used to control the order of code execution. And functions are chunks of code that can be reused.

In addition, JavaScript also has a number of built-in methods that can be used to perform common tasks. These methods can be used to manipulate strings, numbers, and arrays, as well as to perform mathematical calculations. JavaScript also has a number of built-in objects, such as the Date object, which can be used to work with dates and times. Understanding these core concepts is essential for writing effective JavaScript code.

Syntax and Data Types in Javascript

JavaScript has a simple syntax that’s easy to learn and understand. It has a few core data types including numbers (integers or floats), strings (sequence of characters), booleans (true or false values), arrays (collections of data) and objects (groups of related data). Other more complex data types include null (empty placeholder values) and undefined (variable without a value).

Working with Variables in Javascript

Variables are essential for writing JavaScript programs. They are used to store values in memory locations so that they can be accessed later in the program. Variables are declared with the “var” keyword followed by the variable name. The data type of the variable is determined by the assigned value. Variables can also be declared without assigning any value to them (which will default to undefined) or with multiple variables in one statement.

Working with Objects & Arrays in Javascript

Objects and arrays are two of the most commonly used data structures in JavaScript programs. Objects are collections of related data stored in key-value pairs. Arrays are collections of homogenous, or similar, data types stored under one name. They can both be manipulated using methods like adding, deleting, sorting and iterating. Objects can also be accessed using dot notation.

Control Flow & Logic in Javascript

Control flow statements are used to control the order of code execution. Conditionals like if/else/else if statements allow developers to write complicated logic depending on certain conditions that can change during program execution. Loops like for/while/do…while allow developers to execute a block of code multiple times with different values each time.

Working with Functions & Classes in Javascript

Functions are reusable blocks of code used to perform specific tasks within a program. They are defined with the function keyword followed by function name, parameters list and function body. Classes are special constructors used to create objects with similar properties or methods. Inheritance allows classes to inherit properties or methods from parent classes.

Debugging & Testing Javascript Code

Debugging and testing are important activities when developing applications with JavaScript. Debugging helps identify errors or problems in programs while testing ensures that programs are working correctly. Debugging can be done using browser developer tools while testing can be done using unit tests using libraries like Jest or Jasmine.

Best Practices for Writing Secure Code

Writing secure code is an essential part of being a good developer. Common best practices include validating user input, using secure passwords and protected keys, using HTTPS connections rather than HTTP connections, using proper authentication methods such as OAuth 2.0, escaping malicious user input and sanitizing output, implementing Content Security Policy (CSP) headers, always using the latest security updates for libraries and frameworks, logging user activities and more.

Advanced Topics in Javascript

Advanced topics in JavaScript include events and event handlers, AJAX and communication with external APIs, object-oriented programming with prototypes and classes, Asynchronous programming with callbacks and promises, Parallel programming with web workers, creating native desktop applications with Electron, SQL databases with node bindings, mobile application development with React Native or Ionic and more.

Anand Das

Anand Das

Anand is Co-founder and CTO of Bito. He leads technical strategy and engineering, and is our biggest user! Formerly, Anand was CTO of Eyeota, a data company acquired by Dun & Bradstreet. He is co-founder of PubMatic, where he led the building of an ad exchange system that handles over 1 Trillion bids per day.

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